Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Teach Like a Champion
Technique #26
Everybody Writes

“With time to reflect and begin turning thoughts into words, I’d have the best chance of being ready to participate and, ideally, at some level of depth, because my ideas would be better and I would be more confident in them.”

KEY IDEA:  Set students up for rigorous engagement by giving them the opportunity to reflect first in writing before discussing.  As author Joan Didion says, ‘I write to know what I think’ ”.

A technique in which teachers ask all students to prepare for more ambitious thinking and discussion by reflecting in writing for a short interval.

6 benefits::
1.  It often allows you to select effective responses to begin the discussion since you can get an idea of what they are writing by looking over their shoulders.

2.  It allows you to Cold Call.

3.  It allows you to give every student, not just those who put up their hand fast, a chance to be part of the conversation.

4.  Processing thoughts in writing refines them.

5.  You set standards or steer students in a direction you think especially fruitful.

6.  Students remember twice as much of what they are learning if they write it down.

From Teach Like a Champion by Doug Lemove (Jossey Bass, 2010)

Teach Like a Champion
Technique #25
Wait Time

“Minds work fast, and the amount of additional time necessary to improve the quality of answers may be small.”

KEY IDEA:  Delaying a few strategic seconds after you finish asking a question and before you ask a student to begin answering it.

Wait Time:  A pause of 3 to 5 seconds

Narrated Wait Time:
1.  “I’m waiting for more hands.”
2.  “I’d like to see at least fifteen hands before we hear an answer.”
3.  “I’m waiting for someone who can . . .”
4.  “I’m going to give everyone lots of time because this question is tricky.  Your first answer may not be the best.”

5.  “I’m seeing people thinking deeply and jotting down thoughts.  I’ll give everyone a few more seconds to do that.”

6.  “I’m seeing people . . . That seems like a great idea.”
7.  “I’m looking for someone who’s pointing to the place in the passage where you can find the answer.”
8.  “I’ll start taking answers in ten seconds.”
9.  “I’m starting to see more hands now.  Four, five, seven.  Great.  People are really starting to get comfortable taking a risk here.”

10. “You can go back to using your notes if you need to.”
11. “I’ll give you some think time.”
12.  “Good job going back and using your notes.”

From Teach Like a Champion by Doug Lemove (Jossey Bass, 2010)

Teach Like a Champion
Technique #24

“Pepper is a great warm-up activity.  Many teachers include it as part of daily oral drill at the onset of class, but it is also effective as an upbeat interlude to bring energy to the class, or as an energetic part of a review.”

KEY IDEA:  Uses fast-paced, group-oriented activities to review familiar information and foundational skills.
3 Aspects of Pepper
  • Often Involves Cold Call but doesn’t have to. You can take hands if you prefer, calling on volunteers quickly and energetically.
  • Asks quick fundamental questions, often as a review.
  • Is a game with a clear end and beginning.
  • Pick sticks. Popsicle sticks with students names on them are pulled at random out of a can.
  • Head-to-head. 2 students begin by standing up to answer a question, student who is corrects remains standing to compete against a new challenger.
  • Sit down. As a beginning to class -All students stand.  Students “earn their seats” by answering correctly. To determine Line up, ie lunch, game is reversed and students earn their way into the line.

From Teach Like a Champion by Doug Lemove (Jossey Bass, 2010)