“We move piecemeal toward mastery and need to remind ourselves over and over what step comes next.”
KEY IDEA: When possible, give students solution tools – specific steps by which to work or solve problems of the type you’re presenting. This often involves breaking down a complex task into specific steps.
4 key components:
- Identify the steps: Breaking complex skills down into steps in order to make them transparent.
- Make them “sticky”: Name the identified steps.
- Use memory devices or mnemonics
- Use catch phrases.
- Use metaphors
- Build the Steps: Derive the rules with students from one or several example problems through structured inquiry.
- Use two stairways: students can narrate the process while the teacher switches back and forth between asking questions about the process and questions about the problem.
From Teach Like a Champion by Doug Lemove (Jossey Bass, 2010)